Globalisation canhelp solve the climate problem, according to Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI)director Leiv Lunde.
“Pessimism about theclimate is spreading,” Mr Lunde declared at a seminar at CICERO (Centre forInternational Climate and Environmental Research – Oslo), Friday.
“The easiest is to bea pessimist,” he added, listing up the following:
- Thereare few bright spells in the international climate negotiations.
- Emissionshave risen sharply in recent years and look set to continue.
- Thefinancial crisis is strangling renewable energy support.
- Thereare strong headwinds regarding carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects.
- Thereare conflicts between the interests of the local environment and climate change(such as regarding new power lines).
- 2007’sclimate wave seems to be waning.
- Democracyis struggling to cope with long-term challenges.
“Moreover, climatechange enters directly into the battle between countries and regions for fairdistribution of power and burdens,” adds Mr Lunde.
He sees no politicalwill to slow the pace of oil and gas recover, with the exception of the EU andindividual countries that are at the forefront, such as Germany, Denmark andthe UK.
“Is this the wholepicture?” asked Mr Lunde following his gloomy introduction, answering, “thereis still plenty of reasons for optimism. The glass is more than half-full.Globalisation does not just present challenges for the climate, but also givesmany positive impulses.”
Shifts in both thebalance of power and the relationship between the great powers in the worldalso open new doors.
As an example, MrLunde believes that in many cases, the G20 can be more effective than the UNwhen it comes to finding solutions. He also thinksglobalisation creates better conditions for technological breakthroughs anddiffusion of new technology.